Before we start let’s get an idea how the City of Nizams got its name. The name Hyderabad means “Hyder’s abode” or “lion city”, derived from the Persian/Urdu words “haydar” or “hyder” (lion) and “ābād” (city or abode). One popular theory suggests that Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, the founder of the city, named it “Bhagyanagar” or “Bhāgnagar” after Bhāgmathi, a local nautch (dancing) girl with whom he had fallen in love.She converted to Islam and adopted the title Hyder Mahal. The city was renamed Hyderabad in her honour. (Source: Wikipedia)
The Charminar, built in 1591 CE, is a monument and mosque. The landmark has become a global icon of Hyderabad, listed among the most recognized structures of India.The Charminar is on the east bank of Musi river.To the northeast lies the Laad Bazaar and in the west end lies the granite-made richly ornamented Makkah Masjid.
The English name is a transliteration and combination of the Urdu words Chār and Minar, translating to “Four Towers”; the eponymous towers are ornate minarets attached and supported by four grand arches. (Source: Wikipedia)
Hyderabad Information Technology Engineering Consultancy City, abbreviated as HITEC City, is a major technology township which is at the centre of the information technology industry in Hyderabad. HITEC City is spread across 151 acres (0.61 km2) of land under suburbs of Madhapur, Gachibowli, Kondapur, Manikonda, and Nanakramguda. The area acts as a major IT hub of Hyderabad. It comprises IT parks such as L&T Infocity, Hitech City2 SEZ, Vanenburg IT Park or The V, Mindspace Cyberabad SEZ, DLF IT SEZ, Satyam Computers IT SEZ, TCS Synergy park IT SEZ, SEZs of Infosys, Wipro and APIIC, built to suit campuses of several major technology companies. (Source: Wikipedia)
Hussain Sagar is a lake in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India, built by Hazrat Hussain Shah Wali in 1562, during the rule of Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah. It was 5.7 square kilometres built on a tributary of the River Musi to meet the water and irrigation needs of the city.
There is a large monolithic statue of the Gautam Buddha in the middle of the lake which was erected in 1992 as a part of the Buddha Poornima project. Hussain Sagar lake is a popular spot for sailing. The aesthetically built Andhra Pradesh Secretariat buildings, NTR Memorial, Lumbini Park, Prasads IMAX, Hyderabad Boat Club, Birla Mandir and Telugu Thalli flyover are on the southern side. The Secunderabad Sailing Club, Sanjeevaiah park, Hotel Marriott, Sayedani Maa Tomb and Mosque are on the northern side of the lake. Necklace road connects these two sides along the western banks. The railway line between Hyderabad and Secunderabad runs parallel to this road. Raj Bhavan, the residence of Andhra Pradesh’s Governor, is on the western banks. (Source: Wikipedia)
Ramoji Film City
Ramoji Film City, set up by Ramoji Group in 1996, situated near Hayathnagar in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh. Spread over 2,000 acres, it is certified by the Guinness World Records as the world’s largest integrated film studio complex.
At Ramoji Film City a filmmaker can walk with a script and walk out with film. Numerous films in Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Kannada, Gujarati, Bengali, Odia, Bhojpuri, English and several TV commercials and serials are produced here every year. Every year, the Studio attracts over a million tourists, and the complex creates revenues in billions of rupees. (Source: Wikipedia)
Hyderabadi Biryani is a dish made with basmati rice and lamb meat. Popular variations use chicken instead of lamb. The blending of Mughlai and Andhra Pradesh cuisines in the kitchens of the Nizam, ruler of the historic Hyderabad State, resulted in the creation of Hyderabadi Biryani.
Hyderabadi Biryani has distict style of cooking which is different from Lucknowi (Awadhi) Biryani. Biryani is prepared with meat marinated with spices overnight and again soaked in yogurt before cooking. The meat is sandwiched between layers of fragrant long-grained basmati rice, and is cooked on dum (steaming over coals), after sealing the handi (vessel) with a layer of dough. This is a challenging process as it requires meticulous attention to time and temperature to avoid over- or under-cooking the meat.
A biryani is accompanied with Dahi chutney (yogurt and onions); Mirchi ka salan – a green chili curry. It may also be accompanied by Bagare Baingan (Roasted Eggplant). The salad includes onion, carrot, cucumber, and lemon wedges. (Source: Wikipedia)
Hyderabadi Haleem is a type of haleem popular in the Hyderabad. Haleem is a stew composed of meat, lentil and pounded wheat made into a thick paste. Originally an Arabic dish, it was introduced to the Hyderabad State by the Arab diaspora during the Nizam’s rule. Local traditional spices helped form a unique Hyderabadi haleem that became popular among the native residents by the 19th-century.
As with Hyderabadi Biryani, the preparation of haleem in Hyderabad has become an art form. Though Hyderabadi haleem is the traditional hors d’oeuvre at weddings, celebrations and other social occasions, it is particularly consumed in the Islamic month of Ramadan during Iftar (the evening meal that breaks the day-long fast), as it provides instant energy and is high in calories. This has made the dish synonymous with Ramadan. In recognition of its cultural significance and popularity, in 2010 Hyderabadi haleem was granted Geographical Indication status (GIS) by the Indian GIS registry office, making it the first non-vegetarian dish in India to be listed as GIS. (Source: Wikipedia)
Irani Chai (Irani Tea)
Introduced by settlers from Persia (Iran), Irani Chai defined the café culture in Hyderabad, especially the Old City. Typically served in a white ceramic cup and saucer and often called 90 ml chai after its standard volume, the sweet, milky Irani chai is unique has unique taste and rejuvenating properties. It is traditionally served with staples such as osmania biscuits, lukhmi, tie biscuit, fine biscuit, sweet cream bun, dilkush, jam roll, bun-maska. Nowadays, also served with samosas and mirchi bhajjis.
Irani chai came to India from Persia – first to Mumbai and then Hyderabad, it was originally black tea without sugar. Later, it was modified with the addition of milk and sugar to suit Indian tastes. Irani chai has some characteristics – it is never boiled or overcooked (like the standard tea) but made on dum (light steam), and it uses samovars and handis made of copper. It has been a tradition in Hyderabad since the 1940s. (Source: The Hindu Business Line Original Article by Aruna Chandaraju)
Hyderabad has always been referred to as the “City of Pearls” even though it is far away from the sea.Until the 18th century, the city was also the only global trading centre for large diamonds. There are two kinds of pearls – real or cultured. After a pearl is made, it is separated as per the shape. The drilling is either done horizontally or vertically. This is done by highly skilled artisans.In the village of Chandanpet just outside Hyderabad, almost the entire population is engaged in the delicate art of drilling pearls. A skill they have practiced for generations, making Hyderabad one of the largest drilling centres in India. most traditional Hyderabad jewellery is made with white pearls. (Source: Wikipedia)
The Hyderabadi dialect derives from the bona fide language, Dakhani, that took root in the Deccan when Emperor Aurangzeb invaded and occupied the region and his armies introduced the “Camp” or “Lashkari” language to the area. The Lashkari was the lingua franca born in Delhi and northern India as a necessity for the armies of a succession of Muslim invaders from Iran, Turkey and Afghanistan to communicate with the native population. Within the passage of a remarkably short time, though, the language became more refined as more and more Persian and Arabic words modified the language into Urdu, that flourished in the latter Mughal court of Bahadur Shah Zafar and of the intelligentsia of Delhi and Lucknow. In the Deccan, however, it retained its original form, referred to now as Dakhani (of, or pertaining to, Dakhan (South), Anglosized as Deccan).
Linguistically, Hyderabadi dialect is notable for its unique mixture of Urdu with other regional languages (Marathi, Telugu, Kannada) within the Historic State of Hyderabad as well as Middle Eastern Languages (Arabic, Persian, Turkish). This dialect is intelligible by most Hindi\Urdu speakers, but difficult for non-native speakers to use themselves.
In the sixties (i.e. 1960- 1965) film star Mehmood had popularised the Hyderabadi slang in Indian films. Hyderabadi Urdu gained sudden prominence and recognition in 2006 after the success of the comedy film The Angrez in which the characters use the dialect. The film’s success sparked several further Hyderabadi dialect films including: Kal ka Nawab, Hyderabad Nawaabs, Aadab Hyderabad, Gullu Dada, Gullu Dada returns, Berozgaar, Hungama in Dubai, Zabardast etc.
Kaiku = why, kyon
Mereyku = for me, to me, instead of mujhey or mujhko
Tereyku = for you, to you, instead of tujhey or tujhko
Hona = to want, instead of chahiye
Nakko = an alternate (and informal) negative generally indicating “no”, “no thanks” or “don’t”
Hao = for yes, instead of “Haan”.
Haula = foolish, crazy person (kaisa haula hai re tu)
Aarain = (is) coming – Aarahey haiN, in orthodox Urdu
Jaarain = (is) going -Jaarahey haiN, in orthodox Urdu